Bernard Tschumi was born in Lausanne in 1944. The son of Swiss architect Jean Tschumi (1904 – 1962), he studied first in Lausanne and then at the Zurich Polytechnic School where he obtained his degree in architecture in 1969. Between 1970 and 1980 he taught at the Architectural Association in London. In 1980 he left Europe to settle in the United States where he was appointed professor, first at Princeton University and then at the Cooper Union, and finally at Columbia University where he was appointed dean of the Graduate School of Planning and Preservation in 1988, in New York. Following his first theoretical writings, in 1981 Bernard Tschumi published The Manhattan Transcripts, a major essay setting forth the ideas that underpin all his production. In it he denounced the traditional concept of form in favor of a concept based on the event, on the dynamic confrontation of spatial structure and the vectorization of movement.
In 1982 he won the international competition for the Parc de La Villette, where he was first able to implement his idea of the dynamic superposition of architectural structures. By this point he had become one of the major figures in architectural thought, contributing to the debate on ’deconstruction”, exchanging with other architects and philosophers such as Jacques Derrida. He was awarded France’s grand prize for architecture in 1996, while building the Fresnoy National Studio of the Arts in Tourcoing (1992 – 1998) and the Marne-la-Vallée School of Architecture (1994 – 1999). More recently he designed the Acropolis Museum in Athens (2001) and the Blue Tower in New York (2004 – 2006). For him, more than aesthetics, space or the built object, the logic of structure or its formal expression, theory is at the core of an architect’s production.
© Bernard Tschumi Architects
this video :
Bernard Tschumi speech video
Thursday, 1st October 2009
at Centre Pompidou
In pictures :
1. Elliptic City (Centre financier international des Amériques – International Financial Center of the Americas), Los Llanos, DO, 2006
2. Elliptic City (Centre financier international des Amériques – International Financial Center of the Americas), Los Llanos, DO, 2006
© 2009 Bernard Tschumi Architects