Limits of Generic Chaos
The expansion of cities, the multiplication of heterogeneous networks, of hybridizations and the emergence of parallel economies have led to the growth of urban systems that are increasingly beyond control.
The rationalist model of planning seems to have failed in the face of western cities that are now entirely in the grip of the logic of consumption and in the face of the megacities forming in emerging countries as well. These urban conflagrations that no longer seem to follow any economic or sociallogic are nevertheless revealing unsuspected generic capacities for modeling urban concentrations. The acceptance of what exists induces the inclusion of the disqualified, infrastructure and usage as elementary programmatic functions.
From Lagos to Singapore, Rem Koolhaas distinguishes processes, operational assemblages, which provide flexible and mobile models for integrative architecture.
This apparent disorganization is also a driving force in the work of Dominique Perrault, for who mintegration consists of placing heterogeneous elements into relation, a blending ofareas of density that justifies architecture as a dynamic implant in the urban body. This open contextualism, without hierarchy, cannot be limited to a merely materialistic understanding but must be enriched with cultural, social or political values,in a genuine generic archeology, a poly-semantics establishing other economies, and becomes interwoven, as with Thom Mayne (Morphosis). Whether ultimate consumerist cities, or models of a spontaneous order, will the metropolises of the future be capable of establishing a new dispersive economy?